Hybrid power plants (wind- or solar-diesel)

Hybrid power plants combine at least two different energy types. Rather common is the combination of diesel-gensets and renewable energy systems with or without storage. The actual configuration is very site and company specific. It depends on irradiation and wind characteristics as well as on access to financing and the specifications of the existing gensets in case of a retrofit.

Hybrid power plant without storage

PV-diesel-hybrid-power plants without storage have rather low capital requirements. In the picture there is an option to connect the plant to the grid, which is applied in regions with an unstable grid. In the typical off-grid solution, the electricity from the solar power plant is used with priority, the diesel gensets generate the missing gap between the solar output and the load from the mine. 

Solar-diesel-hybrid power plant without storage - (c) and courtesy of DHYBRID Power Systems GmbH
Solar-diesel-hybrid power plant without storage - (c) and courtesy of DHYBRID Power Systems GmbH

The hybrid off-grid power plant without storage requires rather low investment costs. As neither solar nor wind energy are a stable source of energy and diesel gensets need a certain time for start-up, this solution normally requires the gensets to run constantly at least at a minimum load.

Hybrid power plant with storage

Hybrid power plants with storage contain an additional component in comparison to the plant-type described above. A battery storage is dimensioned in such a way that it can store energy until the diesel gensets start-up, if for example a cloud deteriorates the solar output. The costs of the additional battery components are quite substantial. So obviously, this plant type is associated with higher investment costs.

Wind-solar-diesel-hybrid power plant with storage - (c) and courtesy of Siemens AG
Wind-solar-diesel-hybrid power plant with storage - (c) and courtesy of Siemens AG

The advantages of adding a battery storage cannot be neglected either. It allows on the one hand side for turning-off the generators during daytime and on the other hand side it can increase the renewable energy penetration considerably. The penetration rate indicates the percentage of renewable energy in the total power system.

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Top 5 Hybrid Energy News (Solar- and Wind-Diesel-Hybrid + Microgrids) – January/February 2018 by THEnergy

The new edition of our “Top 5 Hybrid Energy News” features two interesting applications of hybrid projects and three investments in microgrid players. This will be an extremely interesting business field in the future - we have been involved ourselves in two large rural electrification related due diligences last year. These investment activities will trigger the construction of many new plants in the near future. It is interesting to see that Nigeria becomes a hotspot of the solar-diesel hybrid development.

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THEnergy workshops: Solar-diesel / wind-diesel and microgrids - 20 workshops already done

Are you looking for new renewable energy markets? Have microgrids and solar- or wind-diesel hybrid projects attracted your attention? THEnergy offers tailor-made workshops!

Do like 20+ companies have done before! You can save weeks of your employees' valuable time by receiving crucial information in a very dense way!

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Dr. Thomas Hillig Energy Consulting
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